Artist under a record label

I am a talented upcoming artist in Tanzania and my music has gained significant popularity, especially my latest hit song on environment conservation. I was working as a solo artist but recently many record labels have approached me after seeing my potential. In particular, one of the leading labels in the country wants to sign me immediately. Before I make any decision on signing with the record label, I want to be guided on intellectual property rights.
UU, Dar

Congratulations on your music work. According to the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) Intellectual property  (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.  IP is protected by our laws which in turn creates rights for people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create. IP rights can be complex to understand. Our general comments are that the contract a musician signs with a record label will have a significant impact on their intellectual property rights. It is crucial for musicians to carefully review the contract to understand how it addresses copyright ownership, royalties, and licensing of their work. Some contracts may grant the label certain rights to distribute and market the music, while others may require the artist to assign the copyright to the label.

Further, in the event that a musician decides to part ways with a record label, the fate of their intellectual property will depend on the terms of their contract. Some contracts may include provisions granting the artist the transfer of intellectual property rights upon termination, while others may maintain ownership by the label. Reviewing the contract and seeking legal advice is essential to protect your rights and ensure a smooth transition if you choose to leave the label. Your lawyer can guide you further.