Israel High Court strikes down ultra-orthodox draft law
The Israel High Court of Justice ruled that a law exempting ultra-Orthodox Jews from compulsory military service is unconstitutional. Israel has mandatory military service, but a 2015 law allowed the defense minster to grant exceptions from the draft to yeshiva students. The High Court ruled 8-1 that the law was unconstitutional because it discriminates between religious and non-religious men who are eligible for the draft. The one dissent argued that not enough time has passed to determine if the law is unconstitutional. The decision of the court will not take effect for one year, giving lawmakers time to create a new draft law that does not discriminate.
Google appeals EU antitrust fines
Google appealed its EU antitrust fine after Intel’s partial victory against a similar EU sanction. Google’s appeal comes two months after the initial antitrust fine by the European Commission for abusing its “dominance in general internet search” to unfairly promote its shopping service instead of promoting Google Shopping on its merits. Google gave its Google Shopping prominent placement in its own search results and subsequently demoted the placement of other similar services, and the Commission deemed the company’s actions to be illegal.
Kenya opposition candidate threatens to boycott re-vote
Kenyan presidential candidate Raila Odinga, whose campaign against the incumbent president Uhuru Kenyatta was declared unsuccessful after a countrywide election last month by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Committee (IEBC), has issued a statement that he would not be participating in the October reelection process. The August election itself has been invalidated by Kenya’s highest court. Odinga has stated that he will not participate in another election “without legal and constitutional guarantees.”
Europe rights court restricts employer ability to monitor employee communication
The European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) ruled 11-6 that unrestricted monitoring of an employee’s communication by his or her employer constitutes a violation of Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (Article 8), concerning the “right to respect for private and family life.” This ruling concerns a 2007 incident wherein a private company in Romania was monitoring the Yahoo! Messenger communications of its employee, who was asked to create the messenger account to respond to client inquiries. The employee used the messenger for personal purposes in addition to using it for business purposes. This resulted in the employee’s immediate termination from his employment.
Settlement allows people denied entry under original travel ban to reapply for visas
Individuals blocked from entering the US by President Donald Trump’s original travel ban order can reapply for visas, under the terms of a settlement reached this month. Those who have a right to reapply are to be informed and notified of legal services that can aid them. A three-judge panel questioned a Justice Department lawyer in a hearing regarding the revised travel ban. In July a judge for the US District Court for the District of Hawaii expanded the exemptions permitted under the Trump administration’s temporary travel ban on visitors from six predominantly Muslim countries. The US Supreme Court is scheduled to hear further arguments on the matter in October.
Non-pork meals must be available for school lunch, rules French court
A French court has ruled that schools should provide an alternative to pork school lunches in the interest of Muslim and Jewish children who do not eat the meat. The decision came after a rightwing local authority stopped providing a choice for children. A Muslim organisation won its legal case against the authority at Chalon-sur-Saône in Burgundy. The court, sitting in Dijon, annulled the town hall’s 2015 decision not to provide an alternative to pork in its school canteens. Chalon-sur-Saône officials said they would appeal against the decision. The judge said he was not concerned with religious considerations but ruled that the town’s failure to provide an alternative meal, which meant many local Muslim children went without lunch, was “not in keeping with the spirit of the international convention on the rights of children” and was not “in the interests of the children”.
Philippines’ Duterte orders police to kill ‘idiots’ who resist arrest
President Rodrigo Duterte has told Philippines police they are allowed to kill “idiots” who violently resist arrest, two days after hundreds of people turned the funeral of a dead teenager into a protest against the president’s deadly war on drugs. Duterte broke off midway through a prepared speech at the Heroes’ Cemetery on the outskirts of Manila and addressed impromptu comments to Jovie Espenido, the police chief of a town in the south where the mayor was killed in an anti-drugs raid. “Your duty requires you to overcome the resistance of the person you are arresting … [if] he resists, and it is a violent one … you are free to kill the idiots, that is my order to you,” Duterte told the police officer.
Attorney general begins inquiry about social media impact on UK trials
Social media may be putting the right to a fair trial at risk, according to a public consultation launched by the government’s chief legal adviser. The attorney general, Jeremy Wright QC, published a call for evidence to assess the impact of social media on criminal cases and establish whether extra reporting restrictions are needed. The initiative follows recommendations by the senior appeal court judge, Sir Brian Leveson, following legal challenges over what could be published about the trial of two schoolgirls who were eventually convicted of murder.
Brexit: What next for the government’s EU repeal bill?
After two long days of debate, a majority of MPs have voted in support of the general principles of the government’s repeal bill which will extract the UK from EU law in time for Brexit. The bill – formally known as the European Union (Withdrawal) Bill – passed the “second reading” stage by 326 votes to 290. This means a majority of MPs support the bill’s broad principles, but not necessarily every little detail. The government says it is essential to carry out Brexit. Opposition MPs have called it a power grab. There is a long road ahead before the repeal bill becomes law. A lot of MPs, including many who backed the bill at second reading, want to amend it at the next stage of parliamentary scrutiny.